As time goes by people report bugs for the oracle software. Some of them are critical, others not. Sooner or later you will come to the situation where you’ll have to patch your oracle software. The utility oracle uses to patch it’s software is called opatch. To avoid any issues with opatch always download the latest release from oracle support ( search for patch number: 6880880 and download ).
For this little demonstration we will apply the Patch Set Update one for the Grid Infratrucure. Note that this patch includes Patch Set Update 1 for the database software, too ( we will patch the database software in a future post ). If you did not transer the patchset and opatch to your Virtual Machine, now is the time to do so ( see here for a description on how to do it ).
As mentioned before, always bring your opatch to the latest release:
su - grid cd /opt/oracle/stage unzip p6880880_112000_Linux-x86-64.zip -d $ORACLE_HOME/
It is safe to answer “All” if the unzip utility ask to replace some files.
Extract the patch:
su - grid cd /opt/oracle/stage unzip p13348650_112030_LINUX.zip
The structure of the oracle patches is always the same. You will get subdirectories named with the patch number and the readme:
ls -la drwxr-xr-x 4 grid oinstall 4096 Jan 14 17:08 13343438 drwxr-xr-x 5 grid oinstall 4096 Jan 14 17:08 13348650 -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 422 Jan 14 17:08 bundle.xml -rw------- 1 grid oinstall 335597984 Mar 23 11:04 p13348650_112030_Linux-x86-64.zip drwxr-xr-x 8 grid oinstall 4096 Sep 22 2011 grid -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 32510817 Mar 23 10:54 p6880880_112000_Linux-x86-64.zip -rw-rw-r-- 1 grid oinstall 107674 Jan 16 14:49 README.html -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 21 Jan 14 17:08 README.txt
Make sure you carefully read the readme.
Applying the patch is straight forward ( Note that Patches to the Grid Infrastructure need to be applied as root ). The first thing to do is to check if the current oracle inventory is consistent:
su - grid cd /opt/oracle/stage export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch:$PATH opatch lsinventory -detail -oh $ORACLE_HOME
If your inventory is fine, you should see the following output:
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 220.127.116.11.0 Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle Home : /opt/oracle/product/crs/18.104.22.168 Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory from : /opt/oracle/product/crs/22.214.171.124/oraInst.loc OPatch version : 126.96.36.199.0 OUI version : 188.8.131.52.0 Log file location : /opt/oracle/product/crs/184.108.40.206/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2012-03-23_11-14-23AM_1.log Lsinventory Output file location : /opt/oracle/product/crs/220.127.116.11/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2012-03-23_11-14-23AM.txt -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Installed Top-level Products (1): Oracle Grid Infrastructure 18.104.22.168.0 There are 1 products installed in this Oracle Home. Installed Products (88): Agent Required Support Files 10.2.0.4.3 Assistant Common Files 22.214.171.124.0 Automatic Storage Management Assistant 126.96.36.199.0 Bali Share 188.8.131.52.0 Buildtools Common Files 184.108.40.206.0 Character Set Migration Utility 220.127.116.11.0 Cluster Ready Services Files 18.104.22.168.0 Cluster Verification Utility Common Files 22.214.171.124.0 Cluster Verification Utility Files 126.96.36.199.0 Database SQL Scripts 188.8.131.52.0 Deinstallation Tool 184.108.40.206.0 Enterprise Manager Common Core Files 10.2.0.4.4 Enterprise Manager Common Files 10.2.0.4.3 Enterprise Manager plugin Common Files 220.127.116.11.0 Expat libraries 18.104.22.168.1 HAS Common Files 22.214.171.124.0 HAS Files for DB 126.96.36.199.0 Installation Common Files 188.8.131.52.0 Installation Plugin Files 184.108.40.206.0 Installer SDK Component 220.127.116.11.0 LDAP Required Support Files 18.104.22.168.0 OLAP SQL Scripts 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle Clusterware RDBMS Files 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle Configuration Manager Deconfiguration 10.3.1.0.0 Oracle Containers for Java 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle Core Required Support Files 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle Database 11g 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle Database 11g Multimedia Files 18.104.22.168.0 Oracle Database Deconfiguration 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle Database User Interface 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle Database Utilities 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle DBCA Deconfiguration 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle Extended Windowing Toolkit 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle Globalization Support 18.104.22.168.0 Oracle Globalization Support 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle Grid Infrastructure 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle Help For Java 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle Ice Browser 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle Internet Directory Client 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle Java Client 18.104.22.168.0 Oracle JDBC/OCI Instant Client 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle JDBC/THIN Interfaces 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle JFC Extended Windowing Toolkit 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle JVM 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle LDAP administration 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle Locale Builder 18.104.22.168.0 Oracle Multimedia 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle Multimedia Client Option 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle Multimedia Java Advanced Imaging 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle Multimedia Locator 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle Multimedia Locator RDBMS Files 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle Net 18.104.22.168.0 Oracle Net Listener 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle Net Required Support Files 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle Netca Client 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle Notification Service 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle Notification Service (eONS) 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle One-Off Patch Installer 18.104.22.168.7 Oracle Quality of Service Management (Client) 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle Quality of Service Management (Server) 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle RAC Deconfiguration 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle RAC Required Support Files-HAS 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle Recovery Manager 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle Security Developer Tools 18.104.22.168.0 Oracle Text Required Support Files 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle Universal Installer 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle USM Deconfiguration 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle Wallet Manager 184.108.40.206.0 Parser Generator Required Support Files 220.127.116.11.0 Perl Interpreter 18.104.22.168.2 Perl Modules 22.214.171.124.1 PL/SQL 126.96.36.199.0 PL/SQL Embedded Gateway 188.8.131.52.0 Platform Required Support Files 184.108.40.206.0 Precompiler Required Support Files 220.127.116.11.0 RDBMS Required Support Files 18.104.22.168.0 RDBMS Required Support Files for Instant Client 22.214.171.124.0 RDBMS Required Support Files Runtime 126.96.36.199.0 Required Support Files 188.8.131.52.0 Secure Socket Layer 184.108.40.206.0 SQL*Plus 220.127.116.11.0 SQL*Plus Files for Instant Client 18.104.22.168.0 SQL*Plus Required Support Files 22.214.171.124.0 SSL Required Support Files for InstantClient 126.96.36.199.0 Sun JDK 188.8.131.52.03 Universal Storage Manager Files 184.108.40.206.0 XDK Required Support Files 220.127.116.11.0 XML Parser for Java 18.104.22.168.0 There are 88 products installed in this Oracle Home. There are no Interim patches installed in this Oracle Home.
Make sure there are no conflicts with the patch you want to apply:
su - grid cd /opt/oracle/stage export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch:$PATH opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -phBaseDir /opt/oracle/stage/13343438 -oh $ORACLE_HOME
As this is a fresh installation with no patches applied until now, you should see the following output:
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 22.214.171.124.0 Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved. PREREQ session Oracle Home : /opt/oracle/product/crs/126.96.36.199 Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory from : /opt/oracle/product/crs/188.8.131.52/oraInst.loc OPatch version : 184.108.40.206.0 OUI version : 220.127.116.11.0 Log file location : /opt/oracle/product/crs/18.104.22.168/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2012-03-23_11-24-51AM_1.log Invoking prereq "checkconflictagainstohwithdetail" Prereq "checkConflictAgainstOHWithDetail" passed. OPatch succeeded.
Because we want an automated patch installation without repsonding to the questions we create a response file for opatch now:
su - grid export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch:$PATH $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/ocm/bin/emocmrsp -output /opt/oracle/stage/opatch_response.rsp -no_banner
You do not need to provide an email address, just respond “Y” to the question that follows.
Time to apply the patch:
su - cd /opt/oracle/stage export PATH=/opt/oracle/product/crs/22.214.171.124/OPatch:$PATH opatch auto /opt/oracle/stage -oh /opt/oracle/product/crs/126.96.36.199 -ocmrf /opt/oracle/stage/opatch_response.rsp
The output, if successful, looks like:
Executing /usr/bin/perl /opt/oracle/product/crs/188.8.131.52/OPatch/crs/patch112.pl -patchdir /opt/oracle -patchn stage -oh /opt/oracle/product/crs/184.108.40.206 -ocmrf /opt/oracle/stage/opatch_response.rsp -paramfile /opt/oracle/product/crs/220.127.116.11/crs/install/crsconfig_params opatch auto log file location is /opt/oracle/product/crs/18.104.22.168/OPatch/crs/../../cfgtoollogs/opatchauto2012-03-23_11-34-03.log Detected Oracle Restart install Using configuration parameter file: /opt/oracle/product/crs/22.214.171.124/crs/install/crsconfig_params Successfully unlock /opt/oracle/product/crs/126.96.36.199 patch /opt/oracle/stage/13348650 apply successful for home /opt/oracle/product/crs/188.8.131.52 patch /opt/oracle/stage/13343438 apply successful for home /opt/oracle/product/crs/184.108.40.206 ACFS-9459: ADVM/ACFS is not supported on this OS version: 'centos-release-5-8.el5.centos' CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
As CentOS is not a supported platform, you can ignore the ACFS-9459 message. Be aware that the Cluster Stack will get restarted.
Can can recheck your inventory now to be sure the patch has been applied:
su - grid export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch:$PATH opatch lsinventory -details
Make a reboot test, to be sure everything is working:
su - reboot
Login again and check the cluster stack:
su - grid crsstat
Again, remember to take a snapshot of your Virtual Machine if you want to save your work or if you want to revert to this point. Delete the source files if you do not want to become your Virtual Machine too big before:
su - grid cd /opt/oracle/stage/ rm -rf 13343438/ 13348650/ bundle.xml README.html README.txt
We will keep the zips and the response file for database patching in one of the next posts.
On your workstation create the snapshot:
vboxmanage snapshot oracleplayground take "after gi patch"