As time goes by people report bugs for the oracle software. Some of them are critical, others not. Sooner or later you will come to the situation where you’ll have to patch your oracle software. The utility oracle uses to patch it’s software is called opatch. To avoid any issues with opatch always download the latest release from oracle support ( search for patch number: 6880880 and download ).
For this little demonstration we will apply the Patch Set Update one for the Grid Infratrucure. Note that this patch includes Patch Set Update 1 for the database software, too ( we will patch the database software in a future post ). If you did not transer the patchset and opatch to your Virtual Machine, now is the time to do so ( see here for a description on how to do it ).
As mentioned before, always bring your opatch to the latest release:
su - grid cd /opt/oracle/stage unzip p6880880_112000_Linux-x86-64.zip -d $ORACLE_HOME/
It is safe to answer “All” if the unzip utility ask to replace some files.
Extract the patch:
su - grid cd /opt/oracle/stage unzip p13348650_112030_LINUX.zip
The structure of the oracle patches is always the same. You will get subdirectories named with the patch number and the readme:
ls -la drwxr-xr-x 4 grid oinstall 4096 Jan 14 17:08 13343438 drwxr-xr-x 5 grid oinstall 4096 Jan 14 17:08 13348650 -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 422 Jan 14 17:08 bundle.xml -rw------- 1 grid oinstall 335597984 Mar 23 11:04 p13348650_112030_Linux-x86-64.zip drwxr-xr-x 8 grid oinstall 4096 Sep 22 2011 grid -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 32510817 Mar 23 10:54 p6880880_112000_Linux-x86-64.zip -rw-rw-r-- 1 grid oinstall 107674 Jan 16 14:49 README.html -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 21 Jan 14 17:08 README.txt
Make sure you carefully read the readme.
Applying the patch is straight forward ( Note that Patches to the Grid Infrastructure need to be applied as root ). The first thing to do is to check if the current oracle inventory is consistent:
su - grid cd /opt/oracle/stage export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch:$PATH opatch lsinventory -detail -oh $ORACLE_HOME
If your inventory is fine, you should see the following output:
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 18.104.22.168.0 Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle Home : /opt/oracle/product/crs/22.214.171.124 Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory from : /opt/oracle/product/crs/126.96.36.199/oraInst.loc OPatch version : 188.8.131.52.0 OUI version : 184.108.40.206.0 Log file location : /opt/oracle/product/crs/220.127.116.11/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2012-03-23_11-14-23AM_1.log Lsinventory Output file location : /opt/oracle/product/crs/18.104.22.168/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2012-03-23_11-14-23AM.txt -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Installed Top-level Products (1): Oracle Grid Infrastructure 22.214.171.124.0 There are 1 products installed in this Oracle Home. Installed Products (88): Agent Required Support Files 10.2.0.4.3 Assistant Common Files 126.96.36.199.0 Automatic Storage Management Assistant 188.8.131.52.0 Bali Share 184.108.40.206.0 Buildtools Common Files 220.127.116.11.0 Character Set Migration Utility 18.104.22.168.0 Cluster Ready Services Files 22.214.171.124.0 Cluster Verification Utility Common Files 126.96.36.199.0 Cluster Verification Utility Files 188.8.131.52.0 Database SQL Scripts 184.108.40.206.0 Deinstallation Tool 220.127.116.11.0 Enterprise Manager Common Core Files 10.2.0.4.4 Enterprise Manager Common Files 10.2.0.4.3 Enterprise Manager plugin Common Files 18.104.22.168.0 Expat libraries 22.214.171.124.1 HAS Common Files 126.96.36.199.0 HAS Files for DB 188.8.131.52.0 Installation Common Files 184.108.40.206.0 Installation Plugin Files 220.127.116.11.0 Installer SDK Component 18.104.22.168.0 LDAP Required Support Files 22.214.171.124.0 OLAP SQL Scripts 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle Clusterware RDBMS Files 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle Configuration Manager Deconfiguration 10.3.1.0.0 Oracle Containers for Java 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle Core Required Support Files 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle Database 11g 18.104.22.168.0 Oracle Database 11g Multimedia Files 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle Database Deconfiguration 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle Database User Interface 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle Database Utilities 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle DBCA Deconfiguration 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle Extended Windowing Toolkit 18.104.22.168.0 Oracle Globalization Support 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle Globalization Support 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle Grid Infrastructure 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle Help For Java 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle Ice Browser 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle Internet Directory Client 18.104.22.168.0 Oracle Java Client 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle JDBC/OCI Instant Client 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle JDBC/THIN Interfaces 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle JFC Extended Windowing Toolkit 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle JVM 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle LDAP administration 18.104.22.168.0 Oracle Locale Builder 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle Multimedia 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle Multimedia Client Option 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle Multimedia Java Advanced Imaging 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle Multimedia Locator 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle Multimedia Locator RDBMS Files 18.104.22.168.0 Oracle Net 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle Net Listener 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle Net Required Support Files 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle Netca Client 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle Notification Service 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle Notification Service (eONS) 18.104.22.168.0 Oracle One-Off Patch Installer 22.214.171.124.7 Oracle Quality of Service Management (Client) 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle Quality of Service Management (Server) 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle RAC Deconfiguration 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle RAC Required Support Files-HAS 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle Recovery Manager 18.104.22.168.0 Oracle Security Developer Tools 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle Text Required Support Files 126.96.36.199.0 Oracle Universal Installer 188.8.131.52.0 Oracle USM Deconfiguration 184.108.40.206.0 Oracle Wallet Manager 220.127.116.11.0 Parser Generator Required Support Files 18.104.22.168.0 Perl Interpreter 22.214.171.124.2 Perl Modules 126.96.36.199.1 PL/SQL 188.8.131.52.0 PL/SQL Embedded Gateway 184.108.40.206.0 Platform Required Support Files 220.127.116.11.0 Precompiler Required Support Files 18.104.22.168.0 RDBMS Required Support Files 22.214.171.124.0 RDBMS Required Support Files for Instant Client 126.96.36.199.0 RDBMS Required Support Files Runtime 188.8.131.52.0 Required Support Files 184.108.40.206.0 Secure Socket Layer 220.127.116.11.0 SQL*Plus 18.104.22.168.0 SQL*Plus Files for Instant Client 22.214.171.124.0 SQL*Plus Required Support Files 126.96.36.199.0 SSL Required Support Files for InstantClient 188.8.131.52.0 Sun JDK 184.108.40.206.03 Universal Storage Manager Files 220.127.116.11.0 XDK Required Support Files 18.104.22.168.0 XML Parser for Java 22.214.171.124.0 There are 88 products installed in this Oracle Home. There are no Interim patches installed in this Oracle Home.
Make sure there are no conflicts with the patch you want to apply:
su - grid cd /opt/oracle/stage export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch:$PATH opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -phBaseDir /opt/oracle/stage/13343438 -oh $ORACLE_HOME
As this is a fresh installation with no patches applied until now, you should see the following output:
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 126.96.36.199.0 Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved. PREREQ session Oracle Home : /opt/oracle/product/crs/188.8.131.52 Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory from : /opt/oracle/product/crs/184.108.40.206/oraInst.loc OPatch version : 220.127.116.11.0 OUI version : 18.104.22.168.0 Log file location : /opt/oracle/product/crs/22.214.171.124/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2012-03-23_11-24-51AM_1.log Invoking prereq "checkconflictagainstohwithdetail" Prereq "checkConflictAgainstOHWithDetail" passed. OPatch succeeded.
Because we want an automated patch installation without repsonding to the questions we create a response file for opatch now:
su - grid export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch:$PATH $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/ocm/bin/emocmrsp -output /opt/oracle/stage/opatch_response.rsp -no_banner
You do not need to provide an email address, just respond “Y” to the question that follows.
Time to apply the patch:
su - cd /opt/oracle/stage export PATH=/opt/oracle/product/crs/126.96.36.199/OPatch:$PATH opatch auto /opt/oracle/stage -oh /opt/oracle/product/crs/188.8.131.52 -ocmrf /opt/oracle/stage/opatch_response.rsp
The output, if successful, looks like:
Executing /usr/bin/perl /opt/oracle/product/crs/184.108.40.206/OPatch/crs/patch112.pl -patchdir /opt/oracle -patchn stage -oh /opt/oracle/product/crs/220.127.116.11 -ocmrf /opt/oracle/stage/opatch_response.rsp -paramfile /opt/oracle/product/crs/18.104.22.168/crs/install/crsconfig_params opatch auto log file location is /opt/oracle/product/crs/22.214.171.124/OPatch/crs/../../cfgtoollogs/opatchauto2012-03-23_11-34-03.log Detected Oracle Restart install Using configuration parameter file: /opt/oracle/product/crs/126.96.36.199/crs/install/crsconfig_params Successfully unlock /opt/oracle/product/crs/188.8.131.52 patch /opt/oracle/stage/13348650 apply successful for home /opt/oracle/product/crs/184.108.40.206 patch /opt/oracle/stage/13343438 apply successful for home /opt/oracle/product/crs/220.127.116.11 ACFS-9459: ADVM/ACFS is not supported on this OS version: 'centos-release-5-8.el5.centos' CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
As CentOS is not a supported platform, you can ignore the ACFS-9459 message. Be aware that the Cluster Stack will get restarted.
Can can recheck your inventory now to be sure the patch has been applied:
su - grid export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch:$PATH opatch lsinventory -details
Make a reboot test, to be sure everything is working:
su - reboot
Login again and check the cluster stack:
su - grid crsstat
Again, remember to take a snapshot of your Virtual Machine if you want to save your work or if you want to revert to this point. Delete the source files if you do not want to become your Virtual Machine too big before:
su - grid cd /opt/oracle/stage/ rm -rf 13343438/ 13348650/ bundle.xml README.html README.txt
We will keep the zips and the response file for database patching in one of the next posts.
On your workstation create the snapshot:
vboxmanage snapshot oracleplayground take "after gi patch"